Dictionary

A small veneer dictionary that tries to describe and illustrate some common definitions that are used in the veneer production.

Bark

Brown

birch has reddish-brown heartwood

Colour difference

Composed core veneer

the veneer is composed of random width veneer sheets that are kept together with glue threads on one side of the veneer

 

Crack

Dipping

Dirt

Fake core

Grain

the direction, size, arrangement, and appearance of the fibres in veneer

Haul

Kiln-dried (KD) veneer

veneer is dried artificially in a kiln (veneer dryer in which the temperature and humidity of the circulating air can be controlled)

Knot, healthy /sound, clear

a light coloured healthy or sound knot is a knot in the veneer that is as hard as the surrounding veneer and is so solid and free from decay that it will retain its place in the piece

Knot, healthy/sound, dark

a dark coloured healthy or sound knot is a knot in the veneer that is as hard as the surrounding veneer and is so solid and free from decay that it will retain its place in the piece

Knothole, open

a hole left as a result of a removal of a knot

Mineral streaks / “hair”

A discolouration of the wood caused by minerals taken up by the tree from the soil. Mineral streaks are typically darker than the surrounding wood.

Mineral-e1452514709389-225x300.jpg

Moisture content / humidity

a percentage of the mass of water over the mass of wood fibre in a piece of veneer. Tarmeko Spoon AS usually offers birch veneer with the humidity of 6 ±2 %

Patch

Peeling defects / Roughness

Pin knot / point knot

small dark knot (up to 6,5 mm)

Sloping grain

An arrangement of fibres or other longitudinal elements at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the piece

Split

A split is a lengthwise separation of fibres that runs from one surface to another surface.

Swirl grain

Wormholes

SaveSave

SaveSave